Baluarti bisa berjalan ke kiri, kanan, berdasarkan serta dasar tanpa batas petak. Baluarti ialah buah yang amat kokoh agen bola bila silih tersambung dengan baluarti yang lain alhasil silih mencegah. Metode berjalan jaran berlainan dengan buah yang yang lain. Metode melangkahnnya semacam graf“ L” serta bisa melangkahi buah yang lain.

Awal mulanya, buat melaksanakan komunikasi dengan sesama, mereka memakai bahasa pertanda. Berikutnya bandar togel terpercaya, mereka menghasilkan perlengkapan semacam kentongan yang dibuat dari cula binatang buat mengantarkan data serta memakai simbol- simbol semacam pictograf bagaikan graf. Dari era inilah, teknologi lalu dibesarkan dengan bukan melenyapkan angka dasar dari perlengkapan tadinya.

Canada Wood Today | The Canada Wood Group

Summary 2018 Non-Residential Construction Market

Shawn Lawlor

By Shawn Lawlor

Managing Director, Canada Wood Japan

April 5, 2019

Total non-residential construction for 2018 declined 3.5% by number of buildings to 55,220 units or by floor area by 2.1% to 39,772,196m2. The number of wooden units fell by 2.9% and floor area declined 3.5% to 3,768,354m2. Overall market share of wood held steady at 35% when measured by the number of buildings or at 9.5% by floor area. Overall estimated wood use in non-residential construction was 659,462m3. The top five end uses for non-residential wooden construction were as follows: (1) Medical, elderly care & social welfare facilities, Est. 172,857m3; (2) Mixed Residential/Commercial 97,687m3; (3) Agricultural Buildings 85,198m3; (4) Business/Commercial services 60,096m3 and (5) Restaurants & Accommodation 49,958m3.

Despite slight year over year declines in 2018, the trendline shows steady increases of wood use in non-residential construction: between 2011 and 2018 annual wooden non-residential floor area has increased by 600,000m2 and estimated annual wood use has grown by over 100,000m3.